McCloud started off chapter two by introducing icons. Icons are used to represent a noun and have many categories such as symbols, language, and pictures. Symbols can be used to represent concepts, philosophies, and ideas such as the American flag or the peace sign. The icons of language, science and communication can include numbers, letters, and music notes. The last example of icons McCloud uses is pictures which are images used to look like their subjects and unlike a ying-yang, used to represent an invisible idea, a picture will resemble their subject. McCloud continues by making us realize how we’re much more responsive to a picture of a cartoon, than a more detailed image of a person. It’s because we see ourselves in that character and can relate to it better than an actual picture of someone else. McCloud uses examples of how we as humans are a “self-centered race” and see faces in everything such as cars and different shapes (32). The less detail and character an object has, the more general it is, but the more complex an object is, it’s harder to relate it to anything or anyone else.
In chapter three, McCloud gets further into closure. He explains closure through many examples. For one, I’m aware that my mother is the room next to mine. Although I cannot see or hear her, I know she’s there. McCloud explains my perception of that reality “faith, based on mere fragments,” closure (62). Closure occurs continuously in comics in-between panels. With the information given in the first and second panel, closure allows the reader to let their imagination work and conclude what occurred between panels.
After giving these chapters a good third reading, I understand the point McCloud is trying to explain, although I couldn’t help but wonder, gosh, who the heck would analyze all this? I also enjoyed reading the panel-to-panel transitions and learning the different effects they have. My new favorite, mostly used in Japanese comics, are the aspect-to-aspect transitions which are used to create a certain mood or sense of place. In these scenes, time pauses and allows the reader to become aware of the scene itself. I feel a bit more knowledgeable, being able to tell the different transitions apart from each other and catching the effect of closure when it occurs. Hah.