Chapter nine Understanding Comics asks two questions. Why are comics Important? And why should we try to understand comics? Then he goes on to answer these questions. McCloud claims that we as humans are Isolated. The only way to break isolation is through different ways of communicating which he calls mediums or bridges. Depending on how well and artist or writer has mastered his or her medium he or she is able to break out of that isolation and get his or her ides into the readers head to an extent. The only way for a reader to get these ideas is by understanding. McCloud asserts that everyone has something to say to the world and that all inner truths have inherent worth. Why we should strive to understand comics? Because someone is trying to communicate to you. Why choose comics why not some other form of mass communication? McCloud insists that comics “is one of the very few forms of mass communication in which individual voices still have a chance to be heard.”There are still challenges to being heard but still its open to anyone and it doesn’t go through as many hands as any other medium. Comics are a way to communicate in a way that can be understood, hopefully. McCloud starting at the last panel on page 198 starts to summarize his whole book where he has tried to instruct the reader in how to understand comics. First is not judging the form or medium by its contents. Defining comics to broaden its history and its horizon. McCloud goes on an aside it seems t point out that though the poetical of comics is grate the attitudes keep it from achieving that poetical. Conics is sight based medium so McCloud refers back to his triangle of words and pictures. He reminds us of each of the chapters we’ve read though by presenting the same words of pictures from those chapters he uses our memories about each chapter. He goes through Visual Iconography Invisible would of symbol and language, realistic backgrounds and less representative people to bring the viewer to identify with charters. How words and pictures work together with closure to tell the story. McCloud continues teaching and informing the reader about comics by using comics using familiar pictures form the chapter, reminding the reader about closure while using it. With a single or rather half a sentence and many panels form that chapter McCloud sums up the subject of time in comics. He goes through the evolution of language and how pictures slowly become words and how they separated until the twentieth century. Comics continue to evolve as dose its language. Pictures through visual hold in them the pieces of invisible ideas and feeling. McCloud goes in to the different evolution of comics going a different way in Japan then in the west. Looking in to the future of comics McCloud hopes that it will not just be considered for kids and lower class and though clouded by ignorance and greed it will be seen as it is meant to be, an art form with endless possibilities. What dose comics have to offer? To list all McCloud emphasizes. "Faithfulness, control, range, versatility, the poetical of film and painting, the intimacy of the written word and the chance to be heard far and wide without fear of compromise” to paraphrase what McCloud asserts as the opportunities comics present for artists and writers. What does the creator need? As McCloud argues “... The desire to be heard, the will to learn, and the ability to see.” McCloud ends it all with hopes that we will continue to explore, a thank you and a joke from his wife.