04 June 2014

29 May 2014

Presentation SD

My software for powerpoint wasn't working properly, so I converted it in a video.

I hope its fine with everyone :)

26 May 2014

Assimilation or Acculturation?

Patel, Jay. “To Assimilate or Acculturate.” Interpolations: A Jornal of Academic Writing n. pag. Web. Spring 2012.

The essay, “To Assimilate or to Acculturate” stresses the impact that assimilation can have on an individual’s identity. The author of the essay uses his own experiences and the idea’s of others to support this idea in an essay he wrote for the Sociology Department at his college, The University of Maryland.  In his essay he focuses on both the positive and negative impacts that assimilation can have on an individuals identity.  Although he points out that in many ways it would be easier for all people to accept assimilation in order to be accepted by their peers who make up the cultural majority,  he also emphasizes the negative effects it can have on ones identity.  For example, he mentions how the loss of ones old cultural identity can make it much harder to relate to friends and family who may be living a lifestyle that still fully incorporates ones original cultural traditions and practices.  He even mentions that his assimilation had a negative influence on his relationships with his parents who seemed disappointed with how quickly he abandoned their Indian culture to accept the traditions and cultures of mainstream America. However, he also makes it clear in his writing that he greatly benefitted from assimilating because it allowed him to be accepted by his peers and that most young children from other cultures are in many ways forced to assimilate if they want to ever have a chance of blending in with the crowd.  For this reason, he mentioned that he had learned to start eating the typical American foods for lunch in order to not be criticized or to prevent him self from seeming different than everyone else around him.  The author of this essay explained that by assimilating in such a way, he was, “more comfortable being a part of society and no longer felt like an outsider.”  He was sick and tired of being asked questions or hearing rude comments whenever he brought in a traditional Indian snack such as “handvo” to lunch.  It was just easier for him to conform by bringing some typical American snacks such as cookies and sandwiches.
         This part of the essay about changing what he brings to lunch in order to fit in reminded of Jin Wang’s own experience in the graphic novel American Born Chinese. In the story, Jin was often ridiculed or asked rude disrespectful questions whenever he brought traditional Chinese foods for lunch. In fact, one punky kid even suggested that Jin was eating dog.  Just like the author of this essay, Jin felt that he would be better off if he abandoned his own cultural traditions in order to adopt the typical American ones.  To avoid being made fun of as well as trying to gain acceptance amongst his white peers, Jin started eating foods that were considered more “normal” for the typical American boy to eat for lunch. 
      This essay in many ways inspired my thesis for my next essay. For example, I plan on arguing that whenever someone is growing up in a family with a different cultural background than the typical white majority of the United States, that an individuals’ personal identity will benefit most from acculturating rather than assimilating.  The author mentions how in many ways as he grew older he wishes he could have retained more of his Indian culture that he was more in touch with as a child. The author explains how he gradually lost his fluency in two different native Indian languages that he used to be able to speak really well when he had lived in India with his grandparents.  Multiple times throughout his essay the author emphasizes that the youth and older generations view assimilation in many different ways.  The older generations try as much as possible to hold on to their own traditional beliefs and customs. The younger generations in the United States seem to be eager to fit in to become part of the crowd. They are too afraid to stand out and simply want to do whatever would be easier for them to make new friends.  However, the author talks about his own regrets of assimilating too quickly. In many ways, he feels that when someone assimilates that they are giving up what makes them unique and special when compared to everyone else.  As a result of his guilt over assimilating and losing much of his Indian cultural identity, the author discusses how he makes sure he does certain things such as attend temple regularly to be able to hold on to as much of his Indian cultural identity as possible. He points out that it might be best for people to acculturate instead in order to stand out from the crowd as an individual rather than being just like everyone else. 

         Last but not least, although the author of this essay and I agree that acculturation is the best choice for someone coming from a different culture into a new one, his essay also makes many strong claims against acculturation. He provides evidence that argues for both sides of this argument but definitely makes it clear that it is much easier and natural for young children to assimilate when they are entering a new society with a culture that is nothing like their own.  He stresses that many children who want to avoid feeling alienated from their new peers, attempt to blend in with the rest of society. Joining the major society gives immigrants an initial feeling of being welcome into the new nation.” Although, the author understands this idea better than most due to his own experiences, he clearly feels that acculturation is the better choice for all. 

Multicultural Writers and Their Search for Identity

Nicole Smith. “Multicultural Writers and the Quest for Identity”                   Article Myriad. n.p. Web. 13 May 2014.


         The article “Multicultural Writers and the Quest for Identity” was found on a free website known as ArticleMyriad.com.  This article analyzes the writings of three different multicultural writers who struggled with being comfortable with their own identities in different ways. Most importantly the article was able to successfully analyze the perspective of the writers’ quests for identity while growing up in white world even though all three writers came from different ethnic backgrounds. One writer was Langston Hughes, an African American writer and the piece of writing focused on was “Theme for English B”.  The second writer discussed in the article was Anna Lisa Raya, who was from a Mexican background. Nicole Smith focused on Raya’s “It’s Hard Enough Being Me” which discusses her struggles growing up as a Latina in a white dominated world.  The last writer discussed was Amy Tan who wrote about her childhood desire to be accepted by White Culture and her initial shame of her Chinese heritage, which she later learned to appreciate. The article basically sums up their writing while pointing out how hard; life could be for someone growing up in America when their own ethnicity or culture is not part of the dominant white culture.
           I chose to write about this article for three different reasons. First of all, I loved how it discussed Langston Hughes “Theme for English B”.  This brought me back to the beginning of the semester when we had to read it for class.  Secondly, I loved how it mentioned Amy Tan’s “Fish Cheeks”.  This was a piece of literature one of my former high school English teachers used to prepare my class for the regents. I remember certain lines from it as if it were yesterday.  As some one who hates my own nose, I can remember how I related to her when she said that she had dreamed of having a “slim new American nose”.  Being of mixed race, I had always hated my nose.  I remember that while growing up, I always wished I had a nose like the white actresses on television. I always felt that mine was too big.  It wasn’t until recently when my boyfriend told me that my nose was unique and one of the things that he had loved most about me that I started to feel less conscious about my own nose.  Lastly, I picked this article because it relates very much to the topic of my second essay for English class. 
         My second essay focused on how students from nontraditional (white) American cultures who moved to new schools where the majority of their classmates were white, would try to adapt to the new culture and cultures around them and as a result would often distance themselves from the cultures that they had originally known as their own.  In particular, the main character from American Born Chinese, Jin Wang, was ashamed to be Chinese American and felt that if he could distance himself from his Asian culture, that he would have a better chance of being accepted by his white peers.  The person that Jin wanted to impress most was actually a white girl named Amelia.  He was so self-conscious about his own identity that he even wished that he could take on a new identity as a white boy named Danny. He even wanted to grow out his hair like a popular white boy in the story because he was convinced it would improve his chances of getting the girl that he desired.  Jin’s struggle with his identity is very similar to the one that Amy Tan went through as a child.  In “Fish Cheeks” she said, “For Christmas I prayed for this blond-haired boy, Robert, and a slim new American nose.”  Just like Jin, she was deeply ashamed of her Asian culture and wished to be able to conform to the typical white American culture because she felt that she would have a better chance of capturing the heart of the white classmate she had a crush on.  The quote listed above also points out that she seemed to hate her own physical appearance. Just like Jin, somewhere in her upbringing she had been influenced to believe that if she looked more white than Asian, that she would be more liked by her peers. However, just like Jin at the end of American Born Chinese, Amy seemed to have learned to appreciate her own identity and cultural background. Lastly, Nicole Smith’s article also analyzed the writing and experiences of two other multicultural writers from two different ethnic and cultural backgrounds.  Just like how Richard Rodriguez was able to add a different and unique perspective about the struggles of finding comfort with ones identity being from a Latin background, Anna Lisa Raya’s “It’s Hard Enough Being Me” adds an interesting spin on a young Latina’s experiences while on a quest for Identity in the United States.  The addition of Langston Hughes in the article gives readers yet another unique perspective of what it can be like growing up in a world where your own culture and ethnicity do not fit in with the majority of those around you.  


Saw this on twitter and thought it was relevant. 

20 May 2014

feeder 3.2


Nelson, Sarah w. Educational Administration Quarterly. Feb2014, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p67-95. 29p

In this article they express the importance of language. the article informs you on how when cultures change also does language and that people must be opened minded to change; that by not wanting to take part you are then denying the growth of the change in a way. the article then goes on to address the fact the after years of testing with proves that people learn commutate better when able to use language which one is most comfortable with.

"Language, and relationships, which are at the heart of culturally responsive teaching, learning, and leading. Implications: More than 30 years of school reform efforts have failed to address inequitable educational outcomes. The results of this study suggest the ineffectiveness of reform efforts may be due in part to educators’ deficit beliefs and lack of cultural knowledge, two areas preparation and professional development programs must better address."

 This statement in the article connects to my essay because it clearly lets you know briefly how then connection between language and culture go hand and hand by elders and others who don't agree with the culture change is actually failing the youth because of the lack of the cultural knowledge.

Technology and Literacy (Feeder 3.2)

  Leung, Louis. Effects of Internet Connectedness and Information Literacy on Quality of 

               life. "Social Indicators Research", Vol. 98, No. 2 (2010), 273-290. Print.

      The article, “Effects of Internet Connectedness and Information Literacy on Quality of life” emphasizes the importance of technological literacy along with the information literacy. Author has shown detailed research  to explain that how technological (i.e.internet) and informational literacies contribute to have a high quality of life. Information literacy includes skills like reading, ability to find out what kind of information is needed and how to use the required information in an effective way. But it is not enough, now-a-days, these skills should be applied on the use of technology as a tool to research, organize and to communicate information. As internet has made our life more connected ( Internet connectedness), therefore, we have more efficient and easy access to resources/information as compare to the system decades before. Moreover, the availability of softwares, word programs and online “valid” information about all the aspects have make it easy to learn about anything in a proper and easy way.

          While relating this article to my claim that one can become liberated and independent by reading and learning about the world, it shows that reading isn’t enough to learn and to be educated, these days. A person should have to be aware of technological literacy and inter connectedness to have a better quality of life. As it is said “Information Technology Literacy can be considered a 21st-century form of literacy in which researching and communicating information in a digital environment area as important as reading writing were in earlier decades” (#273). It shows one should’ve to be literate about technology to have a successful life in these days, unlike Marjane who found her way to liberation only by reading intensive books about socialists and politicians, she didn’t had to use technology that much because there’s a huge difference in social and educational environment now as comparing to decades before. Also  in Hunger of Memory, it could’ve been more easy for Richard to socialize and find his identity by using internet, communicating with people,and having an easy access to learn English. Because it's shown in article that “the internet’s potential (via home internet access) to inform informationally disadvantaged or low-income families to experience powerful emotional and psychological transformations in identity, self esteem, personal empowerment,a new sense of confidence, and social standing or development of personal relationships in the internet” (#278). in other words, having an easy access to solutions and widespread connection by communicating can reduce the struggle with personal issues.
In the article " The Dangers Of A Single Story " by Tariro Mavondo, she basically talks about her life growing up in Australia as a African-Australian.
As the only black kid in the neighborhood she had to go through a grueling initiation into suburbia. She was forced to drink urine in order for her to play with the other kids. As well as, having her hair pulled every time she would walk on by. In addition,  she speaks about a refuge from Somalia that comes to hide  and be safe but she ends up dangling off the edge of a cliff because of to local teenagers that took her under their wings and did not take care of her. The Somalian girl ended up falling to her death. At the age twenty-four, Tariro end up being one of the first African-born acting graduates  of the Victorian college of the Art's. She then goes on to get an audition for a lead part and she expresses that she is going for the lead part but so happens that she is African-Australian. 
This article proves my claim about how when you tell a story with just one perspective that you will only get one side of the story and it will not be whole. In the article she goes by saying "The black kid in neighbourhood, I was forced to undergo a grueling initiation into life in contemporary suburbia." In this particular sentence she gave us only her perspective in a "grueling initiation" which someone else might have said that it was not so grueling but just a bit mean. She tells her story in just her perspective and does not have a different perspective in her story.

Aliyah's Selfie Guide

I copied and pasted this directly from my personal blog so yeah. 

So while in my English class the discussion was about online identities. Blah blah through that we came to the topic of selfies. I was explaining to the class the different types of selfies and the factors of selfie-taking and my professor thought I should make a blog on how to take selfies because, to me, it's more than just taking a photo of yourself. So, that's what I'm going to do.

First and foremost, what is a selfie? Most people think a selfie is just a photo of yourself. NO. A selfie is a photo OF you taken BY you! Taking selfies is an art.  

For example, the photo below isn't a selfie because I didn't take it. 

Now I will tell you how to take the perfect selfie. There are different types of selfies and there are 2 key factors to taking selfies, which are:
1. Lighting- lighting is almost the most important factor of taking the perfect selfie. When you walk into a (bath)room with the perfect lighting, you have to take a selfie. 

2. Angles- angles are just as important as lighting. If you don't have a good angle, your entire selfie is ruined and you should put your phone down and proceed with your selfie-less day. Most important thing with angles is to have your chin up because you don't want to look neck-less.

Now, I will go on to the type of selfies and how to take them and make them perfect. 

Mirror selfies are pictures you take of yourself in a mirror. Here is when angles and lighting are very important. In a mirror selfie, your phone should NEVER cover your face because then it isn't a selfie and it's just wrong. A mirror selfie should have your face and at least half of your upper body, unless it's an outfit selfie, which is a different type I will get to next. Here is a comparison of the wrong and right way to take a mirror selfie:

Outfit selfie:
Outfit selfies are actually my favorite, mainly because I'm into fashion. An outfit selfie is almost the hardest type of selfie to take. Here's why. An outfit selfie should NOT have your face in it. An outfit selfie should only include your midsection, the very beginning of your lower body and lips (if you're a female and have on lipstick that is a finishing touch on your outfit) and MUST BE a front view. That is almost the hardest thing to do and it may take a few photos to get the right one. You can also take a mirror outfit selfie, but I don't recommend it unless you absolutely have to. Here's some photos of my outfit selfies (I'm a pro so I have no pics of the wrong way to take this type of  selfie): 

Shoe/Leg selfie
Depending on your gender and what you're wearing will determine whether you take a shoe selfie or a leg selfie, or both selfie. A shoe selfie should only include your shoes and the lower half of your legs. And a leg selfie should include much of your legs as possible. There's no real wrong way to take a shoe/leg selfie. It's all about the way you pose. This is also a form of outfit selfie. Here's some examples of shoe/leg selfies (most of mine are combos because, 1. I have really long legs and 2. I just like them): 

An "US-ie" is a selfie including another person. There's really no wrong way to take these either, just know what angles work for you and the person. Here are some photos of that:

Last, but certainly not least, is the original selfie, just you. This is where you must know your angles and lighting. You have to make the right face, everything matters. This is JUST YOUR FACE and can include some of your upper upperbody, that's inevitable. To take a correct selfie, you have to extend your arm as much as you can. Best time to take a selfie is when the sun's natural light is beaming on you. Here are my favorite selfies, with perfect lighting & angles:

ANDDDD that sums up my selfie guide! Enjoy. 

Disclaimer: selfies may take up most of your phone space and leave your camera roll looking like:

Aliyah, established célfie queen 

New Identity

Skyrme, Gillian. "Entering The University: The Differentiated Experience Of Two Chinese International Students In A New Zealand University." Studies In Higher Education 32.3 (2007): 357-372.Academic Search Complete. Web. 20 May 2014.

This article argues the struggle that Chinese international students attending university in New Zealand have, trying to figure out their identity in new setting. Gillian skyrme began a study with 12 international Chinese students to analyze their expectations of what they were studying, problems they might have with the new learning styles. Skyrme focuses on 2 of the 12 students, Mike and Saul. She reveals the different struggles Saul and Mike have with their new identities as university students, and learning what they were being thought. Throughout the article it reveals how one of the students was preoccupied with how to learn the new material; one was more focused on what he was being thought. Skyrme states that a big part in how second language learners, prefer learning is by hands on experience, but that not a lot universities do not share the same thought. “Saul’s sense of self was very much involved in his propensity to express himself orally. He sought a way to be a student which did not marginalize that aspect of his identity, and had no strong voices countering his resistance to reading and showing him its value. Mike, who was rather introverted and avoided verbal interaction, was quite happy to strive for that route, difficult though it still proved to be” (pg. 14). This quote shows how two different people in the same situation have different ways of dealing with it. This is an interesting Part of the article because I can see their two different personalities and how they use it to their advantage. It somewhat goes with my way of thinking that you should keep with what you’re good at, if it helps you understand better. 

19 May 2014

social identity 2

Ashmore, Richard D., Lee J. Jussim, and David Wilder, eds. Social identity, intergroup conflict, and conflict reduction. Vol. 3. Oxford University Press, 2001. 19 May 2014.

Self and identity are central to understanding human thought, feeling and action and plays an important role in inter-group conflicts. They account for interrelationships between the individual and larger social groups. Therefore, social identity as mentioned by Ashmore in this excerpt, can create and intensify inter-group conflicts, while inter-group conflicts can influence social identity. The relationships an individual has on the individual or group level can lead to inter-group conflict causing a social problem. In order to resolve this social problem, we must address social identity and inter-group conflict issues in an attempt to reduce inter-group conflicts.

"Intergroup conflict influences social identity." I believe this  relates to my thinking of the topic because it's about what affects your social identity. I do believe that if their is an issue within a group in which one identifies themselves with, it will affect their social identity. Say if the conflict was something traumatizing, it would make a person want to dissociate with that one identity.

Emancipation (feeder 3.1)

Jones, Donald C. Literacy, Orality, and Silence: "Reading" the Exigencies of Oppression in    

                Fredrick Douglass' 1845 “Narrative" . Washington, DC, 1995. Print.

            The paper, Literacy, Orality, and Silence: "Reading" the Exigencies of Oppression in Fredrick Douglass' 1845 “Narrative”, was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication. This article shows an analytic review on how Douglass used literacy in different ways to gain freedom and became liberated. He rebelliously used orality, silence and literacy to resist/abolish slavery. He took a step forward with silence when he refused to obey his master and weakened his power. He used orality and literacy by publicly addressing people to raise their voices against enslavement and also by writing letter to aware them, language was a key in this case. He was willing to do anything that he traded pieces of breads with poor kids to learn reading. That's how his will power lead him to the freedom eventually.
            This article relates to essay #2 topic. As essay 2 shows that liberation can be achieved by willing to learn and by reading about surrounded world, the similar concept can be seen in this article where Fredrick Douglass is willing to learn and uses literacy to gain freedom. As he said “he raved, and swore his determination to get hold of me. I didn’t allow myself a single word.”(Douglass #13) it shows that he took a step forward to deny his master’s command when he asked him to obey him. even though he had to gone through severe oppression but he didn’t stop and determined himself to raise voice against slavery more and more. The same thing  was done by Richard Rodriguez,  when he participated in class and gained self-confidence. It was his step towards “freedom”, to find his identity. Moreover, Douglass helped white children by giving them bread to learn reading, which shows that he was willing to learn to know more about slavery, emancipated himself to abolish the concept of slavery. The same thing Marjane did, when she devoted her time on reading about politics  to find the truth behind the Islamic Revolution and to liberate herself. However, Douglass used his orality/language, as a public speaker, to insist people against slavery. As he said “ I have no language to express [our] high excitement and deep anxiety . . . We had no more voice in that decision [regarding their punishment] than the brutes among whom we were ranked. A single word from the white men was enough”, it shows that he used his power of words/language to encourage people to gain freedom. That’s how, as Douglass’ literacy became more critical, this knowledge enabled Douglass to to re-position himself, to become an independent person from a slave, encouraged people to raise voice for themselves, and to find his own reality that how slavery kept him away from his own identity. But as he became liberated, he get confronted with his own reality and find a way to freedom. 


18 May 2014

Mission: Identity

"Black Students At White Colleges Fear They'll Lose Their Cultural Identity: Study" http://www.huffingtonpost.com/

This article talks about speaks about how "[Black students] feel tension between integrating into the dominant culture while honoring their own culture and black pride" study by author Jake Simmons, assistant professor of communication studies at Angelo State University concluded.

“As a group, African-American students wanted to assimilate into their respective universities, but at the same time they expressed a need to maintain cultural independence by segregating from them,” the authors wrote. “The need to segregate was born out of a fear that the African-American culture would become less independent and more similar to the dominant culture.”

"Students reported feeling different from their white peers in thought, language, dress, and socializing, as well as in the classroom, where they said a lack of understanding about their own culture led to feelings of being singled out. They also noted feelings of frustration about being solely responsible for educating whites about African-American issues and being asked to share their thoughts on African-American topics exclusively." The article says.

In my essay 2 I speak about the how it most minority Americans lose a piece their identity by trying to fit in with American society. Even through this article targets African American other races in the stories like American Born Chinese and Hunger of Memory have also went through problems like being cast out and not with trying to become apart of which seems to be the dominant race.

16 May 2014

Language defines identity


In the book I'm reading Language and Identities by Carmen llamas and Dominic watt. The authors talks about how language and your identity go hand and hand. That simply by you being of a certain gender, race or religious group that along help with the creation of your identity; language topping the list of what makes your identity and when stripped of your language you are being stripped of your personally and what makes you as a individual. In chapter 2 of the book Language & Identities the authors had you say on there views and thoughts on language and the correlation that both have with each other." When we use language, we do so as individuals with social histories. Our histories are defined in part by our membership in a range of social groups into which we are born such as gender, social class, language, religion and race "the book also talks bout the how your history within society helps shape the way you speak also the language one might rather prefer to speak because of ones social class.

In my essay two I heavily discuss the fact of language blends into an individuals life helps create ones identity and this article helps he in a great deal. The authors in the book Language and identities also talk bout how language is also developed by ones area and that along determines what you may be more comfortable with and accustom to speaking for example people who are born in the south are known as southerners while others form the north are referred to as northerners and may even speak the same standard language but may not actually sound alike because of the geographical difference creates a differences in language or dialects within language with ties back to the topic of my essay being the point that one historic background helps shape culture and language in the same way and denying one to use their language is basically getting rid of their culture partly.

15 May 2014

Bilingual Identities

Williams, Alan, and Charlotte Setijadi-dunn. "Visiting 'Home': Contacts With The Homeland, Self-Reflexivity And Emergent Migrant Bilingual Identities." TESOL In Context 21.1 (2011): 42-58. Education Source. Web. 15 May 2014.

The article “Visiting ‘Home’: Contacts with the homeland, self-reflexivity and emergent migrant bilingual identities” by Alan Williams & Charlotte Setijadi-Dunn  “Presents information on the feelings and experiences of two adult EAL learners learning English in the AMEP (Adult Migrant Education Program), in relation to their developing bilingual, intercultural identities.”(pg.1) it details how bilingual identities are achieve. The article presents us the journey of two individuals who migrate from their home countries of China and Colombia with their Australian spouses, to Australia, and during their process of learning English as an Additional Language (EAL) in their new home their identities were slowly changing. The two participants in the article Xiao Mei and Lila didn’t notice their change in identity until they visit their homelands, and notice the difference in their family dynamics. Xiao Mei explains how interesting it was noticing the changes in her identity, and even though she had an internal struggle with herself, she enjoyed her evolution. In Lila’s case before gaining her new identity she was not able to express herself without the help of her mother or older sister, with her new identity she is more confident and sure of herself. Williams and Dunn explain how identity is usually thought of in an anthropological way, and how identity should be thought of as “a fluid and continuous process of ‘becoming’ instead as a fixed and definable state of ‘being’” (pg.3). Williams and Dunn state how the fact that they moved to Australia being in an intercultural relationship, might have helped them move faster in the development of their new identities.

This article relates to my essay 2 topic, because it has to do with how different identities can be achieved by integrating oneself to a new language and culture, and how a new identity can help us rediscover ourselves. “Identity is a fluid and continuous process of ‘becoming’ instead as a fixed and definable state of ‘being’” (pg.3). This explains how you don’t need to have a set identity that as we grow so does our identity. In essay 2 Alexie shows that you can gain a new identity through a new language to him that new language was books and being able to read and write. Gaining a new identity doesn't always mean to give up who you were before, but it allows you to learn more about yourself.

Feeder 3.1

     In Irene Assiba D'Ameida's essay within the excerpt, Veronique 1995 - Black Literature Criticism: Classic and Emerging Authors since 1950, she speaks on author Côte d'Ivoirian Tadjo's first novel, In A Vol d'oiseau, brining light to the major ideas presented in the text; "L'histoire de la misère se raconte" [The story of poverty must be told] and "L'amour est une histoire qu'on n'arrête pas de conter" [Love is a story that one never ceases to tell]". Irene shows how Tadjo's work ties together ideas of pain and love through "a multitude of stories, some taken from personal life, news items, or reflections, some allegorical" yet having "no single setting, but a variety of loci, no conventional plot, no real successiveness". Tadjo connects to the readers through a "stream of consciousness" or "nouveau roman"  enabling her to constantly shift directions "to move from one part of the world to another, to speak of the most diverse themes ranging from love and art to social and political issues" giving "a message of justice, creativity, hope, and self-reliance, all positive values" as well as bringing awareness to the difficulty in doing such within "a world whose social fabric has been badly damaged". Miss. Tadjo speaks as one who's been through her own trials and tribulations and gives her story as a primary witness attesting to the damaged world we as people live within; as well as showing how her ideas of pain and love tie everyone together. 

Irene states; "Writing has allowed women to speak the unspeakable, to utter words, ideas, concepts that are forbidden to them within the conventions laid out by patriarchal society. Sex, desire, passion, and love are topics that women are expected to pass over in silence. By transgressing these taboos through the medium of literature, writers such as Calixthe Beyala, Ken Bugul, Werewere Liking, and Véronique Tadjo break the unwritten conventions while still accepting, as positive value, the topology that regards women as emotionally sensitive; thus they reclaim the right to express their feelings. In A Vol d'oiseau, the protagonist admits to living through her skin. She does not hesitate to speak of the body as a seat of enjoyable sensations. She talks freely about everything from the tickle of water running on her skin in the shower to the intense pleasures of orgasm. The erotic sensuality of the following passage shows no recognition of the usual taboos that regulate the parameters of African women's discourse: "Je m'enveloppe de son odeur, mouille mon visage de sa sueur, touche sa peau, mords son épaule, avale son désir, ferme les yeux, tends mon corps, l'appelle et le rejette" [I wrap myself in his smell, wet my face with his sweat, touch his skin, bite his shoulder, swallow his desire, close my eyes, stretch my body, call and expel him]". Through this excerpt in A Vol d'oiseau Côte d'Ivoirian Tadjo gives life to the words she laces together to create a story within the minds of the readers. Tadjo 's execution in such gives a voice not only to her personal vantage point but to the female sex; stripping down set precedents for women to be the quiet, shy, and humble species, through this she stands as an outspoken leader giving women a sense of confidence and independence. Miss. Tadjo shows how language can be the key to enabling people, not only women, as a whole to break through barriers set within the past era's. 

Tadjo, Véronique 1955–

Social Identity

Deaux, Kay. “Social Identity.” Encyclopedia of Women and Gender, Volumes One and Two, 2006: n. pag. Web. 15 May 2014.

The article “Social Identity” by Kay Deaux is about social identity and the different types of them that there are. She begins by giving the definition of social identification. Social Identity, according to Deaux is “the process by which we define ourselves in terms and categories that we share with other people.” In her first section, she talks about the different concepts and definitions of social identity. Which goes to her second section, “Types of Social Identity.” Here, she breaks down the different groups of which people identify themselves with others such as race, gender, political affiliation, etc. She goes on in the same section with subsections that differentiates the different social identity groups. She also talks about the different aspects of social identity and how those aspects are used to categorize someone within a particular social group. Deaux speaks on how people have favored identities and how certain cultures influence which identity one chooses to have present. In the end, she talks about how people shift between social groups throughout their lives.

This article relates to my topic because it is all about social identity. It gives a more in depth look into the entire subject of identity, including the different types of social identities and how one is categorized into each group. She gives definitions and information on each topic that she introduces. She makes it simple to understand social identity because of the amount of information she provides and how understanding she makes it. This will be good for my third essay because it can be used throughout the essay. Meaning I can use the first section or two to merely introduce my topic and talk about the different types of social identities then go on to how one is categorized and how they negotiate identities and so forth.

07 May 2014

Just wanted to share.

a friend of mine had shown me this video and i found it super interesting and had a long conversation on the topic. just wanted to share see what you guys think.

05 May 2014


Epic is the pilot, to a new series of comics. It relates the story of Eric Ardor a 16 year old boy, who becomes a superhero. He becomes a super hero in a very comical way; he gets his powers by crashing into an unstable DNA research lab. After figuring out he has super powers, like any other teen would do, he shows his best friend his new found abilities. As he starts using his powers, he notices that they sometimes don’t work. The comic ends him and his best friend figuring out that his only weakness is …girls!

I thought this comic was okay, it’s pretty funny especially when he loses his powers, when he seems to need them the most. This comic might be easy to relate to, because it deals with the main character’s struggle as a teen and high school student. 

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03 May 2014


The New 52: Futures End #0

          Futures end #0 is an introduction to a new series of comic, in which the land of humans ( super-heroes) has been overtaken by evil called Brother Eye.  The electronic program, Brother Eye moves around and destroys the Earth while assimilating all the humans who gets in it way. It eventually leads to the collision of past and future, where Batman travels back in time to destroy the Brother Eye before its created.


30 April 2014


       In a recent article I read titled Suite For Ebony and phonics by John Rickford where in the early 90's this Oakland school board has approved a resolution that was recognized as a primary language of African American students. the reaction of most people across the country in the media, at holiday gatherings and a electronic bulletin boards was overwhelming  negative. in the flash flood of emails on America on online. Ebonics was described as lazy English, bastardized English poor grammar, and fractured slang. Oakland's decision to recognize Ebonics and use it to facilitate mastery of standard English also elicited superlative of negativity ridiculous ludicrous "very, very stupid" a terrible mistake.

Dear Mr.. Rickford,
           I currently read an article Written by you titled Suite for ebony and phonics and I'm actually glad you brought this to my attention and for many different reasons. One reason being that Ebonics is actually a form of commutation in my eyes and is used highly among people where its happens to have largely a vast amount of multicultural people also use Ebonics and not only African Americans which gives use the understanding that it isn't just slang but actually a language like the English language or any language in this case. In the article the spoke shamefully on the idea of it being taught in school which can be understandable if Ebonics didn't follow rules to but it actually does have rules to it like the English language has rules which is only usually applied when writing as far as punitions and thing of that nature but not when simply commutating between parties. They even called it a fractured slang but when you look at it from a larger view when language's are created they usually are fractions or pieces of other words which all ready exist not saying its stolen but its understood and then given a slightly curve to it where its now has its know identity in the sense for example the word "icon" meaning a person or thing regarded as a representative symbol of something. which comes form the Greek word eikon  which has nearly the same definition meaning a visual representation and all the English language didn't was change the spelling when adapting the word to its culture but you don't hear people calling the English language a bastardized language or fractured Greek so why not take Ebonics serious and allow it to be taught in school as part of the African American culture.

29 April 2014

A Strong Argument for Ebonics in Education

Towards the late 90’s, the School Board of Oakland, California announced that Ebonics has become the official language of African American students in that area. They felt that this form of “language” should be recognized and many linguists feel that this is the right decision when educating African American youth when it comes to improving literacy skills.  Many linguists believe that it could be used as a tool to help teach these students how to improve their Standard English.  John Rickford, a linguist, once said, “The support of linguists for this approach may strike nonlinguists as unorthodox, but that is where our principles—and the evidence—lead us.” After reading Rickford’s article, I have to agree with him.  There seems to be much evidence that accepting Ebonics as a form of the English language, and studying its similarities and difference to Standard English in the classroom, could lead to a higher rate of improving literacy skills amongst African –American students.

Any one can have an opinion, however when studies or experiments are performed that back up someone’s opinion, I tend to listen to them a little more closely and feel like their opinion has more credibility.  Without evidence, who can really say that one idea is better than another?  Fortunately for Linguist’s like John Rickford, there seems to be some evidence that strongly supports his view on Ebonics.  In John Rickford’s article, Suite for Ebony and Phonics it explains that “there is experimental evidence both from the United States and Europe that mastering the standard language might be easier if the differences in the student vernacular and Standard English were made explicit rather than entirely ignored.”(p. 28)   After reading this, it made me think about how I heard on the news once that another study showed that children who are truly bilingual often end  scoring higher on many achievement tests when compared to monolingual peers. Could teaching both using Ebonics and Standard English in classrooms lead to higher performance down the line for African American students?  One particular study mentioned in Rickford’s study might actually show that this could be true.

Outside of Chicago, at Aurora University, inner-city African-American students were taught English using a unique strategy.  The style of teaching used with these students “contrasted Standard English and Ebonics features through explicit instruction and drills. After eleven weeks, this group showed a 59 percent reduction in their use of Ebonics features in their Standard English writing.  But a control group taught by conventional methods showed an 8.5 percent in such features. “ (p.28) This study strongly supports the idea that the Oakland School Board suggested for the instruction of their students. Using Ebonics in the classroom can be a very useful tool.  The students who worked on writing the traditional way actually showed an increase of the use of Ebonics in their writing. However, the group that used Ebonics as a tool to improve Standard English showed a huge decrease in their use of Ebonic features while writing.  By focusing on using a language the African American students already knew very well, they were able to compare and contrast it with Standard English, which probably helped them wrap around the Standard English.  They now knew what to avoid doing while trying to write in Standard English. By ignoring Ebonics, their familiar language, it seemed to stunt the other groups’ growth. I believe this simply happened because they did not know what Ebonic features they should avoid using while writing an academic paper. 

Black Phonics

                 According too John Rick ford "Ebonics" means the black phonics. The article "Suite for Ebony and Phonics" is a very interesting article that interprets Ebonics as bastard and lazy English and also poor grammar. Which is said to be a slang only used by African Americans not all African Americans do use it. Even though it was started by African Americans the standard is not Ebonics, but Ebonics is also not determined as its on language but just the modern day slang John Rickford a linguistic professor and director of the Center for African American studies at Stanford University states that Ebonics is deriving from both "ebony" and  "phonics" which means black sounds.

Dear John Rick ford,

             While reading your article I personally believe the real reason why linguistic believe Ebonics is not determined as a langauge is because of the type of people that use it such as African Americans. We face sterotypes based on how we speak and the color of our skin. English maybe different from Ebonics but more and more each day other racial groups beyond us blacks use ebonics aka slag each day. Instead of Ebonics being a language its a quick play of using words which turns it into slang which most perfer today


Black English the New English

"Black English" is it a way of life? Can it be a way of expressing yourself in your own way? In the essay Nobody Mean More to Me Than You, and the Future Life of Willie Jordan by June Jordan, she goes in depth about the the usage of "Black English." She goes on by stating rules on how to use "Black English", like for example it is not all about swearing or just trowing words together but to have a pattern and rhythm of speech. In addition, "Black English" most of the times is wrong "Standard English" and you did not have to worry about spelling. As well as, stating that most of the Afro-Americans living in the United States depend on this language to communicate and to express a way of though. June was teaching her class about this way because she noticed that the class was not interested in a book called The Color Purple by Alice Walker that was written in "Standard English." Well the class was not interested in the book until the teacher asked the class to translate a section of the book into "Black English" was when the class started to catch interest in the book. She had a very special bond with a student of hers named Willie J. Jordan Jr. a very intelligent man, very shy, always on time to class and was always into the discussions with in the class. Until one day, Willie just stop showing up to class and was not heard from for quite awhile until he reached out to his teacher one day. She then found out about his brother being shot by police officers while being unarmed. She was heart broken to find out that tragedy that had occurred. She wanted to tell the world of this tragedy she wrote letters to try to get them on the newspaper or on the T.V. so they can raise money to prosecute the murder of Willie's brother. They never raised the money for the prosecution but Willie did write an essay in "Black English" and "Standard English" expressing how he felt about his brothers death and about making changes in society

I believe the point June was trying to make with this essay was that, no matter who you are, where you come from, what you are, who you may be come, it does not matter because in this society we are being molded into what society think we should be but we do not need to change who we are how we feel, how we express ourselves, how we communicate with one another. This is why I think she wrote about "Black English" to tell us that even though we have rules and mandatory languages that have to be learn but that does not have to mean that we can not be different in our own ways. For many year the "Man" has put an image into our head of what the ideal man(person) should be, how should he represent him self, how should he speak. We are all different in our own ways and that is what makes us unique. I believe June added Willies entire essay to show the reader how Willie expressed himself and communicated with his readers in his style of text "Black English."