01 March 2012

McCloud Mind Fucked Us All!

Oka so Dylan Horrocks wrote “Inventing Comics: Scott McCloud’s Definition of Comics” in 2001, ten years after Scott McCloud wrote his book “Understanding Comics the Invisible Art” to further the discussion of understanding of comics and what they are. In his book Horrocks points out to his audience that McCloud has a lot of good information but he has no sources. Yet because McCloud writes his book so well that whether his audience knows about comics or not they can be easily persuaded as to what comics should be or what they should not be and what should and should not be valued as comics but we do not realize this. So basically Horrocks is showing his audience that McCloud is having us view comics the way he does and value the things he values in comics.

So taking McCloud’s definition of comics for instance, in his book he makes his definition of comics look like an actual definition thus tricking his audience into believing that is the definition that you will find in a dictionary. Now his definition is of comics is sequential art, Horrocks believes that McCloud does this because it ties to closure, the hidden power of comics. Horrocks points out that McCloud does not give an argument as to why we should see sequential art as one definitive element but McCloud seduces us with the beauty of closure which Horrocks finds convenient because closure is what McCloud seems to rally value. So now because we know McCloud’s definition of comics, when we talk about comics we are actually talking about sequential art, or when we see art that is side by side panels we say that they are comics because of closure.

So Horrocks pointed out that McCloud, in other words, poisoned are minds into thinking about comics the way he does and persuaded us into thinking and sequential art is the definition of comics. McCloud practically implanted thoughts and ideas into our minds without us knowing it and allowed us to think that it was us who thought of it or put them together.


Even over hundreds of years, superhero stories have been of influence for the public to grasp, just in a different form of realism, more like real world events. In the article, Up, up and Oy Vey, it talks about how Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster created a few masterpieces of their own that became the most epic superhero comics of all time and today is known worldwide. It did not just stop with them but because of their creations, more and more Jewish artists began creating superheroes of their own. Superman, Batman, and a few other major superhero comics of all time were just a few of what they created, but we can’t give them all the credit. Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster were Jewish writers whom used old history stories of their own ancestors and re-invented them to fit an ideal superhero. During the period of the 1900s, people seemed to need a superhero all due to the outbreak of World War II and so they decided to draw them with their idealistic background of Jewish Muslim. They began to create characters that were powerful and dedicated to protecting the innocent and conquering evil (villains).
After the war steadily began to decline, the comic world may have decreased in marketing, but it didn’t stop just because of a few numbers dropped, it began to progress in a bigger way of comic life. It made fantasized dreams of the public come to life by allowing them to use their imaginations. Superman, Batman and the spirit, Captain America, Justice League, Fantastic four, Hulk, Spider-Man, and X-men were comics personified as theme to theme that transpired the Jewish tradition. Many do not know, but Superman’s original name was ‘Kal-El’. Even after Jews began to create remarkable comic work, it actually took years for their work to be well known throughout. Over time the comic world began to become a multi-million marketing deal and more and more ideas for superheroes began to be written by Jews. The inspiration that came from Jerry Siegel, Joe Shuster and many other comic artists helped Jews see what potential they can bring and inspire new artists to progress ideas in the comic world.
It is amazing how ideas are put together to create an even bigger purpose than just one self-connection. In Scott McCloud’s book, Understanding Comics, he talks about all these diverse cultures that create different works of comic art every day and explains that with their cultural background, they could create remarkable comics and show comics are important. In this article, it’s doing just that. It’s giving a story about the creation of comic history, in terms of superheroes. Ideas come from everywhere, this was just the beginning.

Behind The Cap

In the handout, “Up Up and Oy Vey,” it tells us about where the idea of Superman came from. The article starts out with a brief summary of an event called “the Night of Broken Glass.” When this event happened, a hundred Jewish people were killed and the hundreds were injured. Synagogue is a place of worship for the Jews and 177 of them were destroyed on this faithful night. At the ending of this summary, it states that the world “needed a hero-fast.”

This was the calling of two young men, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. But Jerry Siegel is the one that writes about how he came upon the idea of creating such a superhero. He said that he has had an image of what kind of superhero character that he would want to create but on one faithful night the character came to him in a clearer image. They wanted to make a superhero that would somehow represent their own personal lives; their struggles and their put downs. Superman as a person is shy and nervous when it comes to talking to women, just like the Jerry and Joe. This characteristic of Superman or Clark was a reflection of the social acceptance struggle that the two men struggled with. He is also Jewish, the same ethnicity as the two creators.

The story of Superman is a mirrored image of some events that happened in Germany in 1939. Although there are parts of the story have been altered. Superman was sent to Earth by his parents in a spacecraft that his father made. His father did this because he was convinced that their planet was going to blow up. This was a mirrored image of when German Jewish families sent their children off to England. In the #10 issue of Superman is a mirrored image of the Olympics of Berlin in 1936. The German team came into the arena with their arms stretched out well saying “heil Hitler.” This was also when Hitler was trying to say that Germans were the superior race of the world. And was expecting the German team to outperform everybody at the Olympics.

Some can also say that the story of Superman can be a mirrored image of the biblical story of Moses. The people were facing the murder of any male heirs that were born. So in an attempt of saving Moses, his mother places him in a basket and sends him down stream to be found by the Pharaoh daughter. She finds him and raises him as her son and he later receives an inspirational talk from God.

During the creation of Superman, the country was experiencing the Great Depression. Jerry and Joe tried their best to make sure that Superman was published. They would gather whatever they had just to afford a postage stamp. Joe would then draw on some cheap brown wrapping paper. Just like some young artist, they received rejection letters. But they didn’t let that stop them from trying to publish Superman. But little did they know that Superman would become an American icon. They finally found a publisher that was willing to publish Superman. They got paid $130 for the first 13 pages of Superman comic in June of 1938. The issue that sold out quickly would be worth today about $450,000.

This handout made me realize that this story is a replica of the biblical story and that the storyline has been reused numerous times in cartoons, but the characters, setting are changed. It just makes think about how many stories could be mirrored storylines of other ancient stories. It is funny how we could read modern stories about almost anything and not even realize that it could be an altered version of another story. For example, Dragon Ball Z and Superman are the same but altered characters and settting. I didn’t even notice this until Mr. V made it noticeable in class.

"Living With The Times"

   Simcha Weinstein starts Up, Up and Oy Vey by saying how before the heroes of today there were biblical fugures that were full of courage and supernatural powers to protect and serve their people. Weinstein also includes that during Jewish holy days stories of biblical heroes are retold. Stories that  are full of hope and faith, guilt and redemption, atrocity and justice, in which good prevails evil. He also mentions Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi, who taught Jews about "living with the times" in which Jews relate Torah teachings into events in their own lives. He includes how superheroes resemble themes of Jewish tradition and gives several examples.
   In Superman: From Cleverland to Krypton Weinstein off by telling the story of Kristallnatch or "The Night of Broken Glass" and how the world needed a superhero. And this hero turned out to be Superman. Weinstein analyses the connection of Superman and Jewish tradition. He discusses how at the same time Jews were being attacked in Germany, they were also discriminated in America. During this period Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, Jewish comic artists, suffered as their strips were denied due to their religion and eventually created a character that embodied their frustrations. Clark's or "Superman" struggle for a date reflects the creators' desire to gain social acceptance. Weisman goes alot deeper and analyses how Superman is based off of Jewish discrimination throughout history. He also analyses how Superman resembles Moses as both stories are very similar but  have different setting. Examples of Jewish referances are everywhere including biblical stories like Moses and Samson. Even Adolf Hitler is refered to in several occasions like the 1936 Berlin Olympics as well as refferance to the poison gas used by the Nazis. In the last paragraph he goes back and analyses how Superman refers to It's creators as in the comic #81 he tells Lois " It's like we've had a whole other life together. I can remember a whole childhood in the 1920's", the childhood his two Jewish creators  lived.
   I would've never thought that Superman is based off of Jewish history but after reading Up, Up, and Oy Vey i understand the connection. The connection is pretty obvious as Jewish referances are everywhere. What i found more interesting was how Nazi newspaper Das Sshwarze Kops attacked the comic as well as America "Woe to the American youth, who must live in such a poisoned atmosphere and dont even notice the poison they swallow daily" (pg.25). I now see how Superman is an example of "living with the times" as the comic is well related to Jewish history as well as messeges they tell through the stories.

Is Superman Jewish!

           Up, Up, and Oy Vey by Michael Charbon explains who would have thought a hero would be created by two Jewish boys from Ohio. The two Jewish boy’s names were Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. They created Superman because the time period they were in desperately needed a hero during the uprising of Adolf Hitler. Hitler was determined to wash out all the Jews and those that did not meet his standards lost their lives. Hitler’s dictatorship is what started World War II in 1939 and created the rebirth of Superman!

            The reading then goes on to explain Superman's journey imitates the story of Moses. To start from the beginning Superman was from a planet called Krypton which faced total destruction and then Moses was from Egypt which faced extinction of all male offspring. The only way Superman survived this destruction was being sent into a rocket ship to earth and Moses survived death by being put into a basket by his mother down the Nile River. Both Superman and Moses are found and raised in completely different cultures then what they were born into. As the story goes on about them they are both told they have certain gifts and when the time comes they need to use it. Moses and Superman both stay hidden under their true identity in order to do what is required to come for their reasoning of life.

            Charbon says Superman is Jewish and is simply proven by even the suffix within his alien name Kal-El. The suffix “El” is constantly one of the ancient names God periodically uses throughout the Bible. God shows a light for us to find a righteous path and the voice of reasoning. Seems that the prefix of Superman’s name Kal has similar meaning standing for “with lightness,” “vessel,” and “voice.” The proof through Superman action comics are clear that there is some biblical background implemented in his stories.

            After reading Up, Up and Oy Vey I realized how David Knzles definition about comics came into effect. Knzles definition was comics need to have relevance so the audience can grow a greater understanding and also to be mass media which creates means of communication. I think Superman definitely had relevance at its time because it had to do with Adolf Hitler which was trying to turn the world upside down. Superman hit mass media like wild fire, they made movies, shows and radio series about him. A character created by two Jewish men turned into an all- American icon.

            Is Superman Jewish? I cannot say, I can’t quite take in that a made up comic super hero has similarities to Moses which was a real biblical icon. All the similarities were remarkable and his made me look at Superman as a symbol now not just a comic book superhero!
It's because he's Jewish!!!

Not so Mazel Tov after all!

Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster were the creators of the first superhero comic book in November of 1938. This was when Superman was first brought into the world. Simcha Weinstein in his book Up, up, And-oy vey evaluates the Jewish role in the creation of such popular comic book superheroes as Superman, Batman, Hulk, Spiderman, and Captain America, as well as super-teams like Fantastic Four and X-Men. Weinstein uses the Bible and Nazi Germany to convey his message to readers that Superman has ties to Jewish culture.

From the very first sentence of the book Weinstein reveals his interest in the connection between popular superhero’s and the Jewish tradition. Weinstein mentions that before the origin of superheroes, there were superpatriarchs and supermatriarchs of the Bible but they were all female and male prophets. They functioned as present-day superheroes as they were courageous with supernatural powers to serve and protect the people. The creators of Superman were two Jewish men who had been through a phase in life where they were discriminated and so this hatred gave birth to a heroic character to confront to the society. This superhero was the supposed solution for the social acceptance of the Jewish. As, they were Jewish their fictional character’s life was linked to numerous Jewish beliefs and stories. For example, his parents sent him into outer space for his life to be saved just like the story of Moses. Superman’s name from Krypton, Kal-El, holds some biblical significance, such as “El” belonged to names of some of prophets. The similarity that was identified in the birth and purpose of both Moses and Superman made the claim more believable and provided a convincing story.

European Jews migrated to America in the 1900’s as they were victimized in Germany and during the entire World War II. Around that time Jewish children who were brought to America started inventing supernatural characters that would protect the world and fight the villains. Siegel and Shuster, the creators of Superman plus Bob Kane and Bill Finger who created Batman were Jewish comic book artists from America who started the superhero’s now worth millions of dollars.

Weinstein gives us excellent examples that explain the cryptogram behind the Superman comic. From showing how Superman's personality is related to biblical characters, to relating Superman's childhood to those children from Nazi German. The fact that many famous comic artists are Jewish helps to support Weinstein’s claim. Superman as a fictional superhero character embodies Jewish beliefs but originally is not Jewish.

Overblown with Religious Undertones

More and more I have been starting to notice ethical purposes and morality placed in comic books, but Simcha Weinstein makes this point even more clear by not only suggesting Superman was Jewish, but had traits similar to prophets, holy people and the messiah! What a thought! Apparently this thought has been suggested by many other authors.
It is apparent that Stan Lee is jewish, but I had no idea that Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster where
Orthodox Jews.
So many connections are made between the bible and Superman that it started to frighten me. Some of the initial connections Weinstein makes show's the connection between a celebration in the name o f Superman and the Orthodox Jewish practice of The Passover Seder. It gets even more tantalizing.
The relation between Moses and Clark Kent is established as well, showing the similarities of how he was abandoned by his parents due to their planet facing impending doom and how he was raised by countryside people. Sounds very similar to the story of Moses being sent down a river by his mother to avoid the atrocities of the Egyptian king (yah know killing first born sons). As time progresses and the content of the comics became more than fighting villians who antagonized the inner city, the references made in each comic became more and more fleeting as far as having Jewish morality saturated in each page. This whole idea of sending your child away for hopes of a safer life also occurred right before the heavy onsets of Anti-Semitism in the early thirties. Parents would attempt to transport their children to other countries (usualy the United Kingdom) so that their child would not have to be raised in a slavish mentality or witness the genocide of his culture.

Another interesting correlation with Superman and Old Testament stories was how Superman was raised to be modest about his inhuman power but also understood that one day it would become necessary for him to use his ability to better man kind. In the Superman comic, his adoptive father tells him this lesson, while the story of Moses communicating to God through a burning bush communicates the same idea of staying humble about his tremendous abilities.

Superman gets into sticky-er situations with villians, especially with Aryan White Supremicist Nazi's. This notion doesn't become apparent within the first 50 series of comics or so, but by the time the 10th issue of superman was released, already a Nazi bad guy is introduced to Superman's agenda. Well, maybe more fascist blonde-haired pompous athletes instead of Nazis, but still a line is made! Superman humiliates the fascists competitors and continues to hold this very pristine image of a superhero.

Just the original birth name Superman is granted, Kal-El, could suggest religious influence in this comic book. The interesting commonality presented by Weinstein is the fact that the sufix"El" is holy in context and many religious figureshad this suffix following their name, including the battle-hardened arch-angel Micha-el.

What really started to sway my opinion of possible religious influence throughout Superman comics, be it intentional or not, was all of the Samson references made about Kal-El. In the seventh issue published in Action Comics of Superman, a metaphor about having the strength of "a dozen Samsons". This reference simply implies the prior knowledge of a biblical nature that further implies notions of religious bias. This similarity is actually relates back to the second issue Superman where Kal-El encounters a scientist who has created a deadly gas and it happens to fall into enemy hands (pretty gnarly holocaust reference if you ask me). Then these two ideas blend beautifully when Superman must crush these gargantuan pillars in order to defeat the gas-spreading evil masterminds. Superman actually says "A guy named Samson once had this idea", how direct is that reference?
Skip forward a few dozen comics and it is plain to see how prevalent this Jewish idea has been slowly submerged into this comic. In the 81rst issue of Superman, Clark Kent is sent on a mission to inspect the real travesties of Poland and how the Nazi's have occupied the space. Kal-El actually has to help bury bodies in a mass grave in order to get information and stay low-key in this issue of Superman. What a tragic notion! This just further proves that both the creators had a very moral tone that was to be assigned to this superhero, but what super hero doesn't have some sort of outlook on humanity and the afterlife? Some superheros could even fiddle with evil in order to pursue what was important to them (Ehhhem Spawn, Hellboy, ect). Some superheroes where accustomed to encountering Nazi criminals as well (Ehhhem Hellboy, Captain America, The Escapist, ect). It just goes to show that it is nearly impossible to separate your beliefs from what you create.

American Comic History X

In the first chapter of Up, Up and Oy Vey: How Jewish History, Culture and Values Shaped the Comic Book Superhero, Rabbi Simcha Weinstein elaborates on the deep rooted connections between Judaic beliefs and the most prominent superhero in comic history, Superman. From the very beginning Superman’s spaceship journey from Krypton to Earth was based on the Semitic legend of Moses’ basket ride down river to Egypt. When they arrive in the arms of their new families they are both revered as outstanding young men with a gift to help people but are both burdened with the inability to speak clearly to their peers. Though, this shyness could also be linked to the personal trials of the two shy, Jewish nerds that created Superman. Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster from Ohio drew up Superman in ’34, almost 10 years before the United States would enter WWII, but just because the US would be fighting Nazism in Germany didn’t mean that our home front was free of anti-Semitism. With the combination of the oppressed past of their culture and the prejudice of their fellow American citizens, Siegel and Shuster come up with a character that embodies their beliefs and spirituality then shows the Jew-hating world what’s up. Throughout Superman’s career he’s battled with antagonist tributes to Adolf Hitler and freed Jews from the ghettos. Considering that Moses is the most important prophet in Judaism it’s only fitting that Superman be the most known prophet of comic books.
 Scott McCloud writes about the exclusion of minorities in the production of comics in the second chapter of Reinventing Comics. Yet, maybe it’s because the comic industry seems to be controlled by the most notoriously controlling minority in history, the Jews. Always excluded, looked down on and blamed for history’s faults, oh, and their control of most of the banks in the world. Would it be too far-fetched to think that they hold control of the comic world too, and aside from writing characters based on their religious doctrine they choose to omit characters of artists from other minorities.

Sometimes the most sincere of followers find their faith in their times of extreme distress. Near-death experiences leave people reaching out to gods and deities. With that in mind, it’s only fitting for the superheroes that are rescuing us from great peril and tyranny have strong similarities to our spiritual saviors.

Hitler? No! It's Superman!

Simcha Weinstein, author of Up, Up, and Oy Vey!, begins his book with his introduction by stating that before Superman, Batman or even Spiderman, there were heroic figures from the bible. According to Weinstein, Jewish American artists and writing began to create characters that then led to creating comic books such as the creators of Superman (which are of the Jewish religion). After World War II, there was a decrease in the popularity of superhero comics. Even though this happened, we still find that every generation has their own heroes that they look up to. As Weinstein see's in his eyes, each superhero personifies a theme that can be found in the Jewish tradition. Weinstein explains and gives examples of what he means. Comics have gone through discrimination, fought from being the misunderstood outcast, and so much more. This leads Weinstein to the start of his book, Up, Up, and Oy Vey! 
Chapter one consists of Weinstein explaining how Superman is of the Jewish Religion. Jerry Siegal and Joe Shuster created Superman, but that didn't come about until after the 1930s when comic book publishing was still in progress of making an appearance. That didn't stop Siegal and Shuster though. They submitted comic book treatments, and fought through the Great Depression with every penny they found to cover the expenses of submitting the comics. After many years after they submitted their work, Siegal recalled the birth of Superman, in 1934. It would take another 4 years for Superman to even get recognized. Once those 4 years passed, Action Comics paid Siegal and Shuster for the first 13 pages that they wrote of Superman. The issue sold out, and from then on out, there was a star that was created. Siegal and Shuster gave Superman a secret identity named Clark Kent. Both identities were found without the comics and made huge.

Weinstein discusses how ironically Hitler's "master race" was mistaken with the concept of "Superman". This happens in Superman #10. The Dukalia American Sports Festival looks almost exactly like the 1936 Berlin Olympics where Hitler had believed that it would demonstrate the superiority of Germans throughout the world. Superman became what Hitler couldn't even imagine of becoming for the Jewish children. Josef Goebbels announces that Superman is indeed Jewish. After that, Siegal and Shuster were criticized for everything. "As you can see, there is nothing the Sadducee's won't do for money!", "Jerry Siegallack stinks...." etc.

In Superman #1, Superman's journey to Earth is almost identical to the story in the bible known as Moses' Journey. Superman's biblical name is Kal-El. The suffix "El" is an ancient name for God used throughout the bible. The suffix "Kal" is a root of several Hebrew words that mean swiftness. In Superman #2, Clark interviews a scientist that had discovered a gas that was extremely powerful. This is where Superman gets his powers. From there on out, Superman became an inspiration for all creations.

This whole book is about Superman being Jewish. From the readings, it is very believable and I can easily believe it. There still may be a chance that Superman is not Jewish, but there is a lot of given evidence in this book to show that his ethnic background is indeed Jewish. If we think about it, all of the examples given from the bible make total sense.

12 Revolutions

McCloud wrote "Reinventing Comics," to attempt to save comics and their creditability and with his book “Introduction The twelve Revolutions” to show his audience the 12 main points of comics to catch their attention and to again save comics. In the 1980’s he informs his readers that during this time comics were booming and slowly changing. For example in 1986 when “Batman Returns” by Frank Miler, was something that was never done before because with this comic there was many things that was different. Such things was different like having an old Batman who didn’t want to give up the dream of being a hero because he was a schizophrenic and the violence level was reaching a new high during this time. Another comic that was, in other words, a game changer was Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons’ “Watchman.” Now comics were mostly of comics that had Superheroes who had powers and did things to help people because they wanted to protect people, but their characters were Superheroes who had no powers and were heroes because they wanted fame and fortune. Now these are things that comics were not which helped comics reach their peak during the 80’s. Sad to say that’s where it ended and the 90’s were not so nice. During this time is when comics began their downfall.
Now in 2001 Scott McCloud wrote “Introduction the Twelve Revolutions” now this book was basically, from what I can tell is, to catch the audience’s attention and to inform them of the twelve revolutions of comics. The first one that McCloud talks about is that comics can be literature which is possible because University Professors choose what can and cannot be picked for reading. Once it’s chosen than it goes through other universities or colleges, than down to high schools, and if appropriate reading material down to middle school to be taught to the upcoming students. The second is that comics can be considered as art which is true because there are many pieces of art that is viewed in museums such as the Louve or the Smithsonian which has an art exhibit dedicated just to comics so to some it all up yes comics can be viewed as art. Three Creator Rights, here is basically saying that comic creators really have no right as to their comics. Their publishers can change them and they control what is going out.  Even when they sell their rights of their character they end up losing everything and gaining nothing. Four is where McCloud says that comics can be used for industrial innovation which is practically saying that in giving something away for free you can make money off of the ad’s for example New York Times has a site for free news and they make their money off of the ad’s that are posted. Five is the public perception where McCloud says that if we see a person reading comics out in public than we will see it as something that is normal and, like the domino effect; others will follow equaling that people wouldn’t be ashamed to be seen with comics in public. Six he is saying that schools and parents should change the way they view comics because of their violent content and profanity since children are exposed to things such as this in their everyday lives. In seven, according to McCloud, He wants comics to break the one minded gender balance and have females write comics so that other females can enjoy comics rather than just males. Eight is like seven but McCloud addresses the race balance and again he wants this to change. Nine he states that comics can cover more than just adolescent power fantasies. Ten is the Digital Production which is where the audience learns that in our new day and age we are able to create comics much faster because we got rid of the assembly line  allowing one person to do all the work. Finally Eleven and Twelve, Digital Delivery and Digital comics, these two are somewhat the same. Eleven is basically covering the fact that comics can now reach everyone faster like on the web and this is where twelve comes is thus creating digital comics.

Superman: A Son of David

In the first chapter of Up, Up, and Oy Vey! written by Michael Chabon, we are introduced to the very beginning of Superman, a hero concocted by two Jewish boys from Ohio, Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster. Shuster and Siegel were two boys, of the 1930’s, who collaborated on school news papers and were very interested in both science fiction and cheap pulp comics. They were two boys who, like many Jewish artists, were very eager to make their mark on the newborn industry of comic books. Due to the unfortunate anti-Semitism in America of that period, Shuster and Siegel had almost no chance of real success using their talents other than in the comic book industry, which hired Jews regularly. The boys struggled early in their careers, during the Great Depression, where they hardly had enough money to mail their cheaply made comics, and where their ideas were frequently rejected. Eventually they saw some success with the invention of Superman, a character thought up by Jerry Siegel on a hot, sleepless, night. The boys sold their character to Action Comics, a new magazine, for $130. The duo, in a feat of genius, gave Superman the secret identity of Clark Kent, a love stricken klutz. This alter ego was inspired by the actual social lives and experiences of Shuster and Siegel. Shuster and Siegel began writing patriotic comics with perfect timing, two years before America entered WWII. The boys go on to write comics that paralleled real world events, in which Superman always comes to the rescue. A majority of these happenings had to do with the war against Germany, which angered the Germans. Throughout Shuster and Siegel’s stories of Superman it is evident that Superman is modeled with impeccable Jewish principles. Superman also seems to have an extremely similar storyline to that of Moses, from the Bible. The names of the people from Superman’s old planet also model names of the bible, all ending in ‘el’ which means God. Another man from the Bible that Superman has similar attributes to is Sampson. Sampson has incredible strength, but only if his hair isn’t cut. Superman also has a weakness, Kryptonite, which renders him defenseless when exposed. By selling their rights to their character, Shuster and Siegel basically got no credit for their creation until the 1970’s.

In this first chapter of Up, Up, and Oy Vey we are introduced to a deep connection between Superman and his creator’s culture and religion. It seems to me that Shuster and Siegel basically wrote a comic about what they wished that they could be. This obvious creation of a perfect other life reminds me of the movie Fight Club. In this movie the unnamed protagonist, unknowingly creates a split life where in his waking hours he is living his own, self loathing, life and in what he thinks are his sleeping hours he is living the life of his perfect (perfect in his own mind) friend Tyler Durden. The only difference between the unnamed protagonist from Fight Club and the creators of Superman are that the unnamed protagonist is insane enough to actually live in his perfect alter ego, while the creators of Superman simply write about theirs. This reading is very interesting to me, and it makes me wonder whether Joe Shuster and jerry Siegel made all of these seemingly obvious relations purposely or subconsciously.