16 May 2014

Language defines identity


In the book I'm reading Language and Identities by Carmen llamas and Dominic watt. The authors talks about how language and your identity go hand and hand. That simply by you being of a certain gender, race or religious group that along help with the creation of your identity; language topping the list of what makes your identity and when stripped of your language you are being stripped of your personally and what makes you as a individual. In chapter 2 of the book Language & Identities the authors had you say on there views and thoughts on language and the correlation that both have with each other." When we use language, we do so as individuals with social histories. Our histories are defined in part by our membership in a range of social groups into which we are born such as gender, social class, language, religion and race "the book also talks bout the how your history within society helps shape the way you speak also the language one might rather prefer to speak because of ones social class.

In my essay two I heavily discuss the fact of language blends into an individuals life helps create ones identity and this article helps he in a great deal. The authors in the book Language and identities also talk bout how language is also developed by ones area and that along determines what you may be more comfortable with and accustom to speaking for example people who are born in the south are known as southerners while others form the north are referred to as northerners and may even speak the same standard language but may not actually sound alike because of the geographical difference creates a differences in language or dialects within language with ties back to the topic of my essay being the point that one historic background helps shape culture and language in the same way and denying one to use their language is basically getting rid of their culture partly.

15 May 2014

Bilingual Identities

Williams, Alan, and Charlotte Setijadi-dunn. "Visiting 'Home': Contacts With The Homeland, Self-Reflexivity And Emergent Migrant Bilingual Identities." TESOL In Context 21.1 (2011): 42-58. Education Source. Web. 15 May 2014.

The article “Visiting ‘Home’: Contacts with the homeland, self-reflexivity and emergent migrant bilingual identities” by Alan Williams & Charlotte Setijadi-Dunn  “Presents information on the feelings and experiences of two adult EAL learners learning English in the AMEP (Adult Migrant Education Program), in relation to their developing bilingual, intercultural identities.”(pg.1) it details how bilingual identities are achieve. The article presents us the journey of two individuals who migrate from their home countries of China and Colombia with their Australian spouses, to Australia, and during their process of learning English as an Additional Language (EAL) in their new home their identities were slowly changing. The two participants in the article Xiao Mei and Lila didn’t notice their change in identity until they visit their homelands, and notice the difference in their family dynamics. Xiao Mei explains how interesting it was noticing the changes in her identity, and even though she had an internal struggle with herself, she enjoyed her evolution. In Lila’s case before gaining her new identity she was not able to express herself without the help of her mother or older sister, with her new identity she is more confident and sure of herself. Williams and Dunn explain how identity is usually thought of in an anthropological way, and how identity should be thought of as “a fluid and continuous process of ‘becoming’ instead as a fixed and definable state of ‘being’” (pg.3). Williams and Dunn state how the fact that they moved to Australia being in an intercultural relationship, might have helped them move faster in the development of their new identities.

This article relates to my essay 2 topic, because it has to do with how different identities can be achieved by integrating oneself to a new language and culture, and how a new identity can help us rediscover ourselves. “Identity is a fluid and continuous process of ‘becoming’ instead as a fixed and definable state of ‘being’” (pg.3). This explains how you don’t need to have a set identity that as we grow so does our identity. In essay 2 Alexie shows that you can gain a new identity through a new language to him that new language was books and being able to read and write. Gaining a new identity doesn't always mean to give up who you were before, but it allows you to learn more about yourself.

Feeder 3.1

     In Irene Assiba D'Ameida's essay within the excerpt, Veronique 1995 - Black Literature Criticism: Classic and Emerging Authors since 1950, she speaks on author Côte d'Ivoirian Tadjo's first novel, In A Vol d'oiseau, brining light to the major ideas presented in the text; "L'histoire de la misère se raconte" [The story of poverty must be told] and "L'amour est une histoire qu'on n'arrête pas de conter" [Love is a story that one never ceases to tell]". Irene shows how Tadjo's work ties together ideas of pain and love through "a multitude of stories, some taken from personal life, news items, or reflections, some allegorical" yet having "no single setting, but a variety of loci, no conventional plot, no real successiveness". Tadjo connects to the readers through a "stream of consciousness" or "nouveau roman"  enabling her to constantly shift directions "to move from one part of the world to another, to speak of the most diverse themes ranging from love and art to social and political issues" giving "a message of justice, creativity, hope, and self-reliance, all positive values" as well as bringing awareness to the difficulty in doing such within "a world whose social fabric has been badly damaged". Miss. Tadjo speaks as one who's been through her own trials and tribulations and gives her story as a primary witness attesting to the damaged world we as people live within; as well as showing how her ideas of pain and love tie everyone together. 

Irene states; "Writing has allowed women to speak the unspeakable, to utter words, ideas, concepts that are forbidden to them within the conventions laid out by patriarchal society. Sex, desire, passion, and love are topics that women are expected to pass over in silence. By transgressing these taboos through the medium of literature, writers such as Calixthe Beyala, Ken Bugul, Werewere Liking, and Véronique Tadjo break the unwritten conventions while still accepting, as positive value, the topology that regards women as emotionally sensitive; thus they reclaim the right to express their feelings. In A Vol d'oiseau, the protagonist admits to living through her skin. She does not hesitate to speak of the body as a seat of enjoyable sensations. She talks freely about everything from the tickle of water running on her skin in the shower to the intense pleasures of orgasm. The erotic sensuality of the following passage shows no recognition of the usual taboos that regulate the parameters of African women's discourse: "Je m'enveloppe de son odeur, mouille mon visage de sa sueur, touche sa peau, mords son épaule, avale son désir, ferme les yeux, tends mon corps, l'appelle et le rejette" [I wrap myself in his smell, wet my face with his sweat, touch his skin, bite his shoulder, swallow his desire, close my eyes, stretch my body, call and expel him]". Through this excerpt in A Vol d'oiseau Côte d'Ivoirian Tadjo gives life to the words she laces together to create a story within the minds of the readers. Tadjo 's execution in such gives a voice not only to her personal vantage point but to the female sex; stripping down set precedents for women to be the quiet, shy, and humble species, through this she stands as an outspoken leader giving women a sense of confidence and independence. Miss. Tadjo shows how language can be the key to enabling people, not only women, as a whole to break through barriers set within the past era's. 

Tadjo, Véronique 1955–

Social Identity

Deaux, Kay. “Social Identity.” Encyclopedia of Women and Gender, Volumes One and Two, 2006: n. pag. Web. 15 May 2014.

The article “Social Identity” by Kay Deaux is about social identity and the different types of them that there are. She begins by giving the definition of social identification. Social Identity, according to Deaux is “the process by which we define ourselves in terms and categories that we share with other people.” In her first section, she talks about the different concepts and definitions of social identity. Which goes to her second section, “Types of Social Identity.” Here, she breaks down the different groups of which people identify themselves with others such as race, gender, political affiliation, etc. She goes on in the same section with subsections that differentiates the different social identity groups. She also talks about the different aspects of social identity and how those aspects are used to categorize someone within a particular social group. Deaux speaks on how people have favored identities and how certain cultures influence which identity one chooses to have present. In the end, she talks about how people shift between social groups throughout their lives.

This article relates to my topic because it is all about social identity. It gives a more in depth look into the entire subject of identity, including the different types of social identities and how one is categorized into each group. She gives definitions and information on each topic that she introduces. She makes it simple to understand social identity because of the amount of information she provides and how understanding she makes it. This will be good for my third essay because it can be used throughout the essay. Meaning I can use the first section or two to merely introduce my topic and talk about the different types of social identities then go on to how one is categorized and how they negotiate identities and so forth.