20 May 2014

feeder 3.2


Nelson, Sarah w. Educational Administration Quarterly. Feb2014, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p67-95. 29p

In this article they express the importance of language. the article informs you on how when cultures change also does language and that people must be opened minded to change; that by not wanting to take part you are then denying the growth of the change in a way. the article then goes on to address the fact the after years of testing with proves that people learn commutate better when able to use language which one is most comfortable with.

"Language, and relationships, which are at the heart of culturally responsive teaching, learning, and leading. Implications: More than 30 years of school reform efforts have failed to address inequitable educational outcomes. The results of this study suggest the ineffectiveness of reform efforts may be due in part to educators’ deficit beliefs and lack of cultural knowledge, two areas preparation and professional development programs must better address."

 This statement in the article connects to my essay because it clearly lets you know briefly how then connection between language and culture go hand and hand by elders and others who don't agree with the culture change is actually failing the youth because of the lack of the cultural knowledge.

Technology and Literacy (Feeder 3.2)

  Leung, Louis. Effects of Internet Connectedness and Information Literacy on Quality of 

               life. "Social Indicators Research", Vol. 98, No. 2 (2010), 273-290. Print.

      The article, “Effects of Internet Connectedness and Information Literacy on Quality of life” emphasizes the importance of technological literacy along with the information literacy. Author has shown detailed research  to explain that how technological (i.e.internet) and informational literacies contribute to have a high quality of life. Information literacy includes skills like reading, ability to find out what kind of information is needed and how to use the required information in an effective way. But it is not enough, now-a-days, these skills should be applied on the use of technology as a tool to research, organize and to communicate information. As internet has made our life more connected ( Internet connectedness), therefore, we have more efficient and easy access to resources/information as compare to the system decades before. Moreover, the availability of softwares, word programs and online “valid” information about all the aspects have make it easy to learn about anything in a proper and easy way.

          While relating this article to my claim that one can become liberated and independent by reading and learning about the world, it shows that reading isn’t enough to learn and to be educated, these days. A person should have to be aware of technological literacy and inter connectedness to have a better quality of life. As it is said “Information Technology Literacy can be considered a 21st-century form of literacy in which researching and communicating information in a digital environment area as important as reading writing were in earlier decades” (#273). It shows one should’ve to be literate about technology to have a successful life in these days, unlike Marjane who found her way to liberation only by reading intensive books about socialists and politicians, she didn’t had to use technology that much because there’s a huge difference in social and educational environment now as comparing to decades before. Also  in Hunger of Memory, it could’ve been more easy for Richard to socialize and find his identity by using internet, communicating with people,and having an easy access to learn English. Because it's shown in article that “the internet’s potential (via home internet access) to inform informationally disadvantaged or low-income families to experience powerful emotional and psychological transformations in identity, self esteem, personal empowerment,a new sense of confidence, and social standing or development of personal relationships in the internet” (#278). in other words, having an easy access to solutions and widespread connection by communicating can reduce the struggle with personal issues.
In the article " The Dangers Of A Single Story " by Tariro Mavondo, she basically talks about her life growing up in Australia as a African-Australian.
As the only black kid in the neighborhood she had to go through a grueling initiation into suburbia. She was forced to drink urine in order for her to play with the other kids. As well as, having her hair pulled every time she would walk on by. In addition,  she speaks about a refuge from Somalia that comes to hide  and be safe but she ends up dangling off the edge of a cliff because of to local teenagers that took her under their wings and did not take care of her. The Somalian girl ended up falling to her death. At the age twenty-four, Tariro end up being one of the first African-born acting graduates  of the Victorian college of the Art's. She then goes on to get an audition for a lead part and she expresses that she is going for the lead part but so happens that she is African-Australian. 
This article proves my claim about how when you tell a story with just one perspective that you will only get one side of the story and it will not be whole. In the article she goes by saying "The black kid in neighbourhood, I was forced to undergo a grueling initiation into life in contemporary suburbia." In this particular sentence she gave us only her perspective in a "grueling initiation" which someone else might have said that it was not so grueling but just a bit mean. She tells her story in just her perspective and does not have a different perspective in her story.

New Identity

Skyrme, Gillian. "Entering The University: The Differentiated Experience Of Two Chinese International Students In A New Zealand University." Studies In Higher Education 32.3 (2007): 357-372.Academic Search Complete. Web. 20 May 2014.

This article argues the struggle that Chinese international students attending university in New Zealand have, trying to figure out their identity in new setting. Gillian skyrme began a study with 12 international Chinese students to analyze their expectations of what they were studying, problems they might have with the new learning styles. Skyrme focuses on 2 of the 12 students, Mike and Saul. She reveals the different struggles Saul and Mike have with their new identities as university students, and learning what they were being thought. Throughout the article it reveals how one of the students was preoccupied with how to learn the new material; one was more focused on what he was being thought. Skyrme states that a big part in how second language learners, prefer learning is by hands on experience, but that not a lot universities do not share the same thought. “Saul’s sense of self was very much involved in his propensity to express himself orally. He sought a way to be a student which did not marginalize that aspect of his identity, and had no strong voices countering his resistance to reading and showing him its value. Mike, who was rather introverted and avoided verbal interaction, was quite happy to strive for that route, difficult though it still proved to be” (pg. 14). This quote shows how two different people in the same situation have different ways of dealing with it. This is an interesting Part of the article because I can see their two different personalities and how they use it to their advantage. It somewhat goes with my way of thinking that you should keep with what you’re good at, if it helps you understand better. 

19 May 2014

social identity 2

Ashmore, Richard D., Lee J. Jussim, and David Wilder, eds. Social identity, intergroup conflict, and conflict reduction. Vol. 3. Oxford University Press, 2001. 19 May 2014.

Self and identity are central to understanding human thought, feeling and action and plays an important role in inter-group conflicts. They account for interrelationships between the individual and larger social groups. Therefore, social identity as mentioned by Ashmore in this excerpt, can create and intensify inter-group conflicts, while inter-group conflicts can influence social identity. The relationships an individual has on the individual or group level can lead to inter-group conflict causing a social problem. In order to resolve this social problem, we must address social identity and inter-group conflict issues in an attempt to reduce inter-group conflicts.

"Intergroup conflict influences social identity." I believe this  relates to my thinking of the topic because it's about what affects your social identity. I do believe that if their is an issue within a group in which one identifies themselves with, it will affect their social identity. Say if the conflict was something traumatizing, it would make a person want to dissociate with that one identity.

Emancipation (feeder 3.1)

Jones, Donald C. Literacy, Orality, and Silence: "Reading" the Exigencies of Oppression in    

                Fredrick Douglass' 1845 “Narrative" . Washington, DC, 1995. Print.

            The paper, Literacy, Orality, and Silence: "Reading" the Exigencies of Oppression in Fredrick Douglass' 1845 “Narrative”, was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication. This article shows an analytic review on how Douglass used literacy in different ways to gain freedom and became liberated. He rebelliously used orality, silence and literacy to resist/abolish slavery. He took a step forward with silence when he refused to obey his master and weakened his power. He used orality and literacy by publicly addressing people to raise their voices against enslavement and also by writing letter to aware them, language was a key in this case. He was willing to do anything that he traded pieces of breads with poor kids to learn reading. That's how his will power lead him to the freedom eventually.
            This article relates to essay #2 topic. As essay 2 shows that liberation can be achieved by willing to learn and by reading about surrounded world, the similar concept can be seen in this article where Fredrick Douglass is willing to learn and uses literacy to gain freedom. As he said “he raved, and swore his determination to get hold of me. I didn’t allow myself a single word.”(Douglass #13) it shows that he took a step forward to deny his master’s command when he asked him to obey him. even though he had to gone through severe oppression but he didn’t stop and determined himself to raise voice against slavery more and more. The same thing  was done by Richard Rodriguez,  when he participated in class and gained self-confidence. It was his step towards “freedom”, to find his identity. Moreover, Douglass helped white children by giving them bread to learn reading, which shows that he was willing to learn to know more about slavery, emancipated himself to abolish the concept of slavery. The same thing Marjane did, when she devoted her time on reading about politics  to find the truth behind the Islamic Revolution and to liberate herself. However, Douglass used his orality/language, as a public speaker, to insist people against slavery. As he said “ I have no language to express [our] high excitement and deep anxiety . . . We had no more voice in that decision [regarding their punishment] than the brutes among whom we were ranked. A single word from the white men was enough”, it shows that he used his power of words/language to encourage people to gain freedom. That’s how, as Douglass’ literacy became more critical, this knowledge enabled Douglass to to re-position himself, to become an independent person from a slave, encouraged people to raise voice for themselves, and to find his own reality that how slavery kept him away from his own identity. But as he became liberated, he get confronted with his own reality and find a way to freedom. 


18 May 2014

Mission: Identity

"Black Students At White Colleges Fear They'll Lose Their Cultural Identity: Study" http://www.huffingtonpost.com/

This article talks about speaks about how "[Black students] feel tension between integrating into the dominant culture while honoring their own culture and black pride" study by author Jake Simmons, assistant professor of communication studies at Angelo State University concluded.

“As a group, African-American students wanted to assimilate into their respective universities, but at the same time they expressed a need to maintain cultural independence by segregating from them,” the authors wrote. “The need to segregate was born out of a fear that the African-American culture would become less independent and more similar to the dominant culture.”

"Students reported feeling different from their white peers in thought, language, dress, and socializing, as well as in the classroom, where they said a lack of understanding about their own culture led to feelings of being singled out. They also noted feelings of frustration about being solely responsible for educating whites about African-American issues and being asked to share their thoughts on African-American topics exclusively." The article says.

In my essay 2 I speak about the how it most minority Americans lose a piece their identity by trying to fit in with American society. Even through this article targets African American other races in the stories like American Born Chinese and Hunger of Memory have also went through problems like being cast out and not with trying to become apart of which seems to be the dominant race.